You may be asking yourself what is the safest dog distemper treatments? If you are not familiar with distemper in dogs, this condition can be fatal. Distemper in dogs is a highly contagious disease transmitted through bodily fluids such as tears and saliva. This condition is most often diagnosed in puppies less than six weeks of age and is then more commonly spread to older dogs. Because distemper in dogs is usually identified by a fever, an appearance of excessive redness and swelling of the lymph nodes, and loss of appetite, it is often difficult to determine when your dog has been infected.
Like many other types of diseases, distemper in dogs can be prevented. Properly handling and feeding your dog, and ensuring daily exercise and fresh water will go a long way to preventing this highly contagious disease. Proper hand washing is especially important to avoid spreading this disease. Puppies should not be let outside unless they have been given a proper vaccination at least one month before they are to be introduced to people. Contact your local veterinarian for more advice on prevention.
Treatment can vary depending on the severity of your dog’s case. The first step in treatment is to diagnose the exact cause of your dog’s illness. Once you have determined the cause, you will need to look for a treatment that works best against that particular strain of dog disease. There are three main types of treatment: antiviral drugs, antifungal medications, and surgical options. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Antiviral drugs can be very helpful for dogs that are healthy but have a slow-breaking or unresponsive disease. These drugs work to kill the viruses that are causing the illness. They can be administered orally or intravenously. Some common drugs include Mefloquine, Ciprofloxacin, and Amoxicillin-Clavulanate. Rarely, other drugs like Betablockers, Pyrazinamide, or Budesonide are used.
Antifungal drugs are sometimes used for treatment of distemper in dogs. They are usually used to treat recurring cases and are taken into the dogs’ body through food. Commonly, they are given through the drops or tablets. They will usually contain fluconazole, amphotericin B, or azythromycin. Fluconazole is most effective against the Babesiosis virus while amphotericin B is effective against several strains of the virus.
Surgery is often used to cure dogs that do not respond to an antiviral medication. However, dogs who have severely compromised immune systems or dogs that show signs of neurological problems may not respond to surgical treatments. In these instances, vaccines may be administered instead. There are vaccines available to prevent the infection from returning again and dogs that have received a vaccination remain protected from distemper.
The last option is usually euthanasia or injection of pentobarbital. The drugs used for this treatment are the same as those used for the other options. It is usually injected directly into the center of the heart. It causes immediate death, but there are some discomfort and difficulty after the procedure. A sedative may be given beforehand to help calm the dog before, during and after the injection.
Because distemper has killed so many dogs around the world, it has also created a serious stigma against certain breeds of dog. The term “disease” is even used to describe them. It’s understandable, though, that when faced with the possibility of what is the safest dog distemper treatment, people would rather use the traditional methods. However, if you can’t take that risk, be sure to take your dog to the vet immediately. The treatment is life-saving and should never be taken lightly.